## What has ^{31}⁄_{88} to do with tennis?

In a best‐of‐5‐set tennis match that provides for tiebreakers in all sets, you can win the match while
winning only ^{31}⁄_{88} of the points. You cannot win a tennis match
played under any standard set of rules while winning a smaller proportion of the points.

Specifically, you can win the match 0–6, 0–6,
7–6, 7–6, 7–6. The first
four sets can of course take place in any order. The games you win, you win to 30. The games you lose, you lose
to 0. The tiebreakers, you win 7–5. You win 93 points out of 264, a fraction of
^{31}⁄_{88}. I omit the arithmetic.

That would be utterly boring were it not for a curious twist in the arithmetic. In what follows, the word
*minimal* means “done in such a way as to win as small a proportion of the points as possible”. The word
*you* refers to the winner of the match.

I asserted that the 3 sets that you win, you win 7–6 rather than
6–4. We cannot reach that conclusion on any kind of principle: we have to do the
arithmetic. The interesting twist is that if there were such a thing as a best‐of‐7‐set match, then your
minimal win would be 0–6, 0–6,
0–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4,
6–4, with scores of 6–4 rather than
7–6 in the sets you win. The reason is as follows. In a best‐of‐5‐set match with no
tiebreakers, your minimal win is 72 points out of 204, a fraction of about 0.353. In a best‐of‐7‐set match with
no tiebreakers, your minimal win is 96 points out of 280, a fraction of about 0.343. In either case, 5‐set or
7‐set, if you replace a set minimally won 6–4 by a set minimally won
7–6 then you introduce 20 more points, of which you win 7. That changes the
proportion of points you win, by pulling it slightly towards ^{
7}⁄_{20} or 0.350. That is, downwards from 0.353 in the 5‐set case but upwards from 0.343 in
the 7‐set case. The numbers are on a knife edge.